The gut microbiome, as defined by molecular biologist Joshua Lederberg, consists of all the microorganisms in the gastrointestinal tract (GIT). The microorganisms include bacteria, protozoa, viruses, and fungi and their collective genetic material. The gut microbiota consists of all the bacteria, pathogenic and commensal, residing in the GIT. The gut microbiota has been explored for potential interactions between the microbe and host which could affect immunity, metabolism, and neuroendocrine responses. The gut microbiota plays an important role in nutrient and mineral absorption, synthesis of enzymes, vitamins and amino acids, and the production of short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs).
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Author - Metabolica Med Dietitians